West Hill Park Guilin Introduction

2021-12-22 15:31:09 Attractions 0 451

Covering an area of about 2 square kilometers, the West Hill Park guilin  (西山公园) is located 2 kilometers west of the heart of the Guilin City. It includes the Hidden Hill (隐山), the West Hill (西山) and the Guilin Museum (桂林博物馆).

West Hill Park guilin

The West hill is surrounded by a lake called the West Lake (西湖), by which stands a temple called Xi Qingling Temple (西庆林寺). The Western Hill is well known for Buddhist statues. Xi Qingling Temple was built in the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907) and was one of the five most famous Buddhist temples in south China. Today, over 200 Buddhist statues still remain on the cliff.

The hill consists of the West Peak(西峰), the Stone Fish Peak(立鱼峰), the Dragon Head Peak(龙头峰), and the Qianshan Peak(千山峰).

Buddhist carved in the Wall of the West Hill in the Tang Dynasty

The Hidden Hill features a great number of caves. All caves are connected with each other. The most famous caves are the Sunrise Cave (朝阳洞), the Sunset Cave (夕阳洞), the South Glory Cave (南华洞), the North Window Cave (北牖洞), the Lotus Cave (嘉莲洞) and the White Bird Cave (白雀洞).

Ancient inscriptions in the wall of the Hidden Hill

To the north and west of the park, you can climb a few mountains and follow the winding paths to see Buddhas carved in the rocks, a monument to a Soviet Colonel, interesting rock formations, and amazing views.

Guilin Museum

One of the five great Zen forests in the south of Xiqinglin Temple.At present, there are totally 98 niches,242 Buddhist statues,2 relief stone towers,29 lamp niches,7 square statues and lamp niches.Mainly engraved with Asam, Luchena, Guanyin and so on.Most of them are one niche, one or three, and there are also five, seven and eleven. The largest is 1.65 meters, and the smallest is several centimeters.The earliest is the first year of the Tang Dynasty Diaolu (679) Li Shi A Shan Buddha statue.It is characterized by wide forehead, high nose, full face, earlobe to shoulder, wide chest, thin waist, kasaya cut body, slanted placket elegant, naked-house, gentle manner, similar to the Indian Bodhi Jiaye Great Pagoda ancient heritage of the Great Buddha and Java Buddha.The scholar Luo Xianglin came here during the War of Resistance Against Japan. He thought that it was a cultural relic of the southern line of China, the successor of Indian Buddhism.There are some Buddha statues with missing head, broken arms and few feet. According to Guilin Terroir, it is caused by destruction of Buddha in Huichang period of Tang Dynasty.After the death of Wuzong, Xuanzong carried out suppression of Taoism and development of Buddhism.However, as a Buddhist resort, Xishan was not able to recover from the setback.After the war of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, it had declined to the Song Dynasty.West Hill was no longer monopolized by monks and Buddhists.

Situated in the Western Hill Park in the Guilin city, the Guilin Museum occupies an area of 10,000 square meters. It is built in a unique architectural style of both the East and the West. The Museum mainly exhibits items of historic or cultural value such as antiques, chinaware from the Ming(1368 – 1644) and Qing(1644 – 1912) Dynasties and unique handicrafts of different ethnice minorities. It also has a collection of 25,000 pieces of antiques and artwork.


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